Using Firearms to Resist Arrest
Examples of Using Firearms to Resist Arrest
- Pointing a gun at Police to avoid apprehension
- Pointing an imitation firearm to avoid apprehension
- Pointing a gun at Police to assist another person from being arrested
What is the legal definition of Using Firearms to Resist Arrest?A ‘firearm’ is defined by the Firearms Act 1996 as a barrel, breech, pistol slide, frame, receiver, cylinder, trigger mechanism, operating mechanism or magazine designed as, or reasonably capable of forming, part of a firearm.
Section 29(3)(b) of the Crimes Act defines an ‘imitation firearm’ anything which has the appearance of being a firearm whether or not it is capable of discharging any shot or other missile.
LegislationThe legislation for this offence can be found on section 29 of Crimes Act 1958.
Elements of the offenceTo prove this charge, the Prosecution must demonstrate the following elements, beyond reasonable doubt:
- the accused was being arrested; and
- produced a gun to prevent the arrest.
“Can the Prosecution prove that you possessed a firearm?”
- Factual dispute;
- You were not aware that Police were attempting to arrest you;
- The arrest was not lawful;
- The Police cannot prove their case beyond reasonable doubt.
Questions in cases like this
- Did you possess a firearm or imitation firearm?
- Did you use the firearm or imitation firearm to resist arrest?
- Did the Police attempt to execute a lawful arrest?
Any person found guilty of Using Firearms to Resist Arrest (s29 of the Crimes Act 1958) may be sentenced to a maximum penalty of level 5 imprisonment (10 years) or a fine of 1,200 penalty units (around $193,000).