Possessing Unlawfully Imported Border Controlled Drugs or Border Controlled Plants

– section 307.7 of the Commonwealth Criminal Code
Cannabis Plants
This is a Commonwealth offence that is generally laid in situations where a person possesses a substance which is unlawfully imported and is classified as a border-controlled drug or border-controlled plant. This section of the Criminal Code refers to a lesser amount that is considered a marketable quantity.
Examples of Possessing Unlawfully Imported Border Controlled Drugs or Border Controlled Plants
  • A person meets an acquaintance in a car park who has just arrived home from Thailand. They hand their acquaintance a package containing opium. Customs are aware that there is opium in the luggage and federal police have been monitoring since their arrival. They then intercept both parties as they leave the car park.
  • A package is intercepted by customs containing liquid Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) ordered from China. Federal Officers posing as delivery people drop the package off at the destination address and subsequently address the addressee.
Questions in cases like this
  • Were you possession of the substance?
  • Was the substance unlawfully imported?
  • Did you or should you have known that it was border-controlled?
What are some of the possible defences to Possessing Unlawfully Imported Border Controlled Drugs or Border Controlled Plants?

Defences to this could be that the accused did not possess a substance, that the substance was not imported, or that the accused did not know that the border controlled drug or border controlled plant was unlawfully imported. Other defences include mental impairment, duress, honest and reasonable mistake of belief, impossibility, lack of intent, the concept of beyond reasonable doubt, and other forms of factual errors.

You should ring us and discuss your case if you have been charged. Deciding on whether to plead guilty or not has important implications for you and should be made after proper discussions with a criminal lawyer.

Penalty and court that deals with this charge

County Court
Any person found guilty of this offence may be sentenced to an imprisonment for 2 years or to a fine of 400 penalty units ($64,476 at the time of print) or both. This charge would be heard in the County Court.

“Have you been caught in possession of a border controlled substance?”
What is the legal definition of Possessing Unlawfully Imported Border Controlled Drugs or Border Controlled Plants?

Possessing Unlawfully Imported Border-controlled Drugs or Border-controlled Plants

  1. A person commits an offence if:
    1. the person possesses a substance; and
    2. the substance was unlawfully imported; and
    3. the substance is a border-controlled drug or border-controlled plant, other than a determined border-controlled drug or a determined border controlled plant.

    Penalty: Imprisonment for 2 years or 400 penalty units, or both.

  2. Absolute liability applies to paragraph (1)(b).
  3. The fault element for paragraph (1)(c) is recklessness.
  4. Subsection (1) does not apply if the person proves that he or she did not know that the border-controlled drug or border-controlled plant was unlawfully imported.

Note: A defendant bears a legal burden in relation to the matter in subsection (4) (see section 13.4).1

“Have you been caught in possession of a border controlled substance?”
Legislation

The legislation for this offence can be found on section 307.7 of Criminal Code Act 1995.

Elements of the offence

In essence to prove this charge the Prosecution must show that the accused possessed a substance either directly or indirectly, that the substance was unlawfully imported and the substance is a border controlled drug or border controlled plant.

It is important to note that you can be reckless as to the possession of the substance. This means that if you ought to have known you were in possession of a controlled substance, or a reasonable person in the circumstances would have known, then you can be found guilty.

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Other important resources
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[1] Criminal Code Act 1995 s 307.7