The second most severe sentence available for Commonwealth offences is a sentence under s 20AB of the Crimes Act 1914 (Cth). This provision enables a court sentencing a federal offender to impose a State or Territory order.
In Victoria, the penalty that would be imposed for a federal offence under s 20AB of the Crimes Act 1914 (Cth) is a Community Corrections Order (CCO) . Although CCOs are available with or without conviction for Victorian offences, sentences under s 20AB cannot be without conviction. This means that if someone in Victoria receives a CCO for a federal offence, it must be with conviction.
An order made under s 20AB of the Crimes Act 1914 (Cth) may be combined with any fine the court has the power to impose for the offence.
If a court sentences an offender to a CCO under s 20AB of the Crimes Act 1914 (Cth), this cannot be combined with a term of imprisonment. This is unlike being sentenced to a CCO under Victorian law, where a CCO can be combined with a term of imprisonment not exceeding one year.
- Impose a fine of up to 10 penalty units;
- Revoke the original order and re-sentence the offender; or
- Take no action.
 S 20AB(1) Crimes Act 1914 (Cth)
 S 20AB(4)(a) Crimes Act 1914 (Cth)
 Atanackovic v R (2015) 45 VR 179,  – 
 S 44 Sentencing Act 1991 (Vic)
 S 20AC(2) Crimes Act 1914 (Cth)
 S 20AC(6) Crimes Act 1914 (Cth)